Personal Pronouns are short words which are used instead of names or things for exampel I, you, he or we. That was the personal subject-form pronouns. Sonja likes to play the piano. She likes to play the piano. There are also objecting personal pronouns. There are for exampel me, you, him etc... These are used when you uses a name/thing in object-form.
Possesive pronouns are short words for words that bescribes something that belongs to someone. Some exampels are my, your, his, her or our. It's Pelle's book. It's his book. These are linked possesive pronouns. Independent possesive pronouns are mine, yours, its, his or hers. They do not stand beside a noun.
Some and any means "några or lite". Some are used when you say positive, yes-saying sentences or when you ask offering questions. You use any when you ask every question that isn't offering or in negative sentences. Do you want some tea? I have some serious problems. Are there any cookies left? I haven't got any, I'm sorry.